Sun. Nov 29th, 2020

When president donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meet today to discuss them and there will be no shortage of crises and shared security concerns. The Gaza Strip, with rapidly deteriorating water and health conditions, should be high on that agenda.

Israel Politicians And Israeli Defense Forces Officers Spreading a devastating catastrophe in Gaza for a reason. The dangerous combination of the absence of the political process, the severe restrictions of Israel and Egypt on the access and movement of people and goods in and out of Gaza, inter-Palestinian rivalry and deterioration in human conditions is already underway Three wars Between Israel and Hamas. Today, the combined risk of violence and pandemics makes this small coastal area a ticking time bomb, and while neither Israel nor the US have all measures to address Gaza’s water and health crises, the Trump administration’s joint The decision to stop financing the Nation Relief and the Works Agency, or UNRWA, the UN Fund that supports Palestinian refugees, can only worsen the situation.

In addition to the risk of violence, Gaza has a two-fold water problem. First, there is a lack of safe water for drinking, bathing and cooking. The continued decline has made Gaza the only source of fresh water, coastal aquifers, Unsafe for human consumption Due to the intrusion of saltwater and sewage. Most of the residents of Gaza depend on the water provided by them. Unlicensed and unlicensed Private sellers. Then Gaza has insufficient sewage treatment capacity due to delays in completing treatment facilities and lack of a reliable energy supply to operate such plants. In the absence of solutions, more than 108,000 cubic meters of untreated sewage Flows daily From Gaza to the Mediterranean Sea – an equivalent volume of 43 Olympic-sized swimming pools. This pollution was the cause of sadness Five year old boy dies In July 2017 in Gaza. This same pollution is also responsible for the premature closure of the Escalon desalination plant in southern Israel, which supplies about 20 percent of that country’s water. In other words, poor water supply and quality, combined with the absence of sewage treatment, have not only dangerous implications for public health in Gaza, but also in neighboring communities in Egypt and Israel.

In addition to this Hazardous chemical contaminationRisk of biological diseases, and especially a Cholera outbreak, true. Gaza has the perfect storm conditions for this scenario – population density, mass accumulation, low access to safe water and poor sanitation. Addressing a cholera epidemic in real-time requires rapid response and treatment planning, including rehydration, access to clean water, safe food and hygiene practices in homes, refugee camps and hospitals. Such options are currently not viable in Gaza.

Hospitals to tackle the current power and water crisis recently Less cleaning and sterilizing Of medical facilities. With their salaries unpaid in months, 835 sweepers at Gaza Strip hospitals are on strike, meaning garbage is accumulating and treatment is delayed. Gaza’s hospitals run on generators Vulnerable There is a limited fuel supply and an estimated 36 percent of essential medicines and 32 percent of medical supplies Missing. In addition, the complex political situation and the lack of direct communication between all parties involved can become a hindrance to any effective communication needed to deliver emergency assistance, medicine and electricity. Israel has developed state-of-the-art technology for its defense. Rocket And The tunnels, But it cannot prevent the spread of a disease in its territory.

This is where UNRWA has been active for almost 70 years. The organization has no place in the Gaza Strip. Apart from education and employment, it provides important services and assistance in the areas of food, water, sanitation, hygiene and health. It operates 22 primary health clinics, employs more than 1,000 health workers and has more than four million annual patient visits. Given the increasing risk of epidemics and the critical condition of Gaza’s hospitals, it is important to maintain UNRWA’s public health services today.

The organization is not without its problems. some welcomed The US decision to cut funding in the wake of Palestinian anger at Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, and refused to return to the negotiating table. These voices argue that instead of relieving the situation of Palestinian refugees, UNRWA has increased it. They say that it disintegrates the Palestinians to regroup and has been an active party to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. These voices are supported, rather than continue to support UNRWA, should the US call for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, or to diversify its operations into the UNHCR, which largely treats refugees , Not just Palestinian.

The criticism is well-grounded. Given the plight of millions of other refugees in the Middle East since 2011, having an agency dedicated only to Palestinians has the virtue of questioning its justification. Furthermore, UNRWA is accused of not being merely a neutral friendly relief organization. It records Incorrect reporting History of the number of registered Palestinian refugees, Recruitment Members of terrorist groups and its facilities have been used in the past Collect To attack Israel. Nevertheless, it would be a dangerous mistake to discredit UNRWA today which could endanger the lives of both Palestinians but also Israelis.

First, transferring responsibility from UNRWA to UNHCR is not a viable proposal and not in the short term. Agencies operate under different mandates, different operational and legal definitions, areas of operation, and operational realities, and any change in their definition requires long-term planning. While the UNRWA can be reformed, changes to its mandate will require decisions by member states of the United Nations. Furthermore, it is not at all clear that the UNHCR will address the Palestinian refugee problem in a different way than UNRWA. Its handbook contains UNHCR it shows It favors “the right to return home in safety and to enable a refugee to exercise with dignity” telling Refugee dependents are given refugee status, making it a hereditary issue similar to UNRWA. More importantly, UNHCR is not part of the future Palestinian state in the Gaza Strip, if a two-state solution is to emerge. Theoretically, a comprehensive plan to integrate the United Nations’ two refugee relief services could work in countries such as Lebanon and Jordan, where the UNHCR exists and serves millions of refugees parallel to the UNRWA, making it a viable current in Gaza. Is not an option. In the strip, UNRWA not only fulfills the role of UNHCR, but also other international organizations such as the World Health Organization and the World Food Program in other contexts. They also do this for a fraction of the price. If UNHCR, WHO, WFP and others were to be tasked to fill the gap in the absence of UNRWA, the bill would be at least double. Although problematic, UNRWA’s clinics and networks are thus best equipped to deliver minimal services and reduce the risk of disease outbreaks there.

Israel understands this prophecy. And although Prime Minister Netanyahu has been one of UNRWA’s staunch public critics in the past, he reportedly supports redefining his position Successively. He and the Israeli defense establishment know that cutting Gaza today will intensify the humanitarian crisis and put Gaza in danger not only, but also Israel. In today’s meeting, this will be an important message for President Trump.

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