Click to Play
Matt Goldshor Chappaqua, NY found its way to Africa through the University of Texas, where he was studying chemistry with plans for medical school. One summer, he signed on to study at a crowded hospital in Moshi, Tanzania.
That experience changed the goldsmith’s life. He comes back to fight HIV, malaria and other diseases afflicting the people of Moshi, to help the Catholic sisters of Our Lady of Kilimanjaro. Yet he suspected that a physician could overcome such crises by treating one patient at a time. So, like the increasing number of students, he learned about how the entire population succumbed to the disease. He went to Washington, DC to study epidemiology at George Washington University.
Diseases such as AIDS, SARS and bird flu were big news during the early years of today’s students. The story of the modern pandemic is one of the frighteningly deadly germs that are stopping the world as easily as a YouTube video. Increasingly, the world calls upon epidemiologists not only to respond to outbreaks of infectious diseases, but also to face natural disasters, food-borne diseases and life-related chronic diseases. Today’s epidemiologists are designing studies that lead to solutions.
In 1854, an English doctor named John Snow conspired and opened the door, where cholera deaths in London began. Snow’s map revealed a group of cases surrounding a suspected water pump. When the pump handle was removed, the cholera outbreak ended. “We didn’t even know about the transition until the end of the 19th century,” said David Celentano, interim chair of epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. The world’s first school of public health was started in 1918 in Hopkins, and is still the leader. Its first goals included tuberculosis, flu and cold.
Subsequently, epidemiologists found that mathematical methods work well in curing the underlying causes of heart disease, chronic diseases, and some injuries. Since HIV / AIDS appeared in the United States during the 1980s, epidemiologists have moved toward clinical trials of marginal drugs and other interventions. “We don’t wait for people to die to do our AIDS studies,” Celentano said. “We know there is a cocktail of drugs that stop HIV in its tracks.”
The AIDS epidemic touched an avalanche of research grants that accelerated the development of public health schools across the country and created employment for people with skills in epidemiology. Along with hospitals and other private businesses, now graduate degree holders work in every state government, many local governments and the pharmaceutical industry. Federal agencies, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration, are constantly hiring. At its headquarters in Atlanta, CDC trains new public health graduates with strong academic records and teamwork skills. Trainees can earn over $ 70,000 annually, plus bonuses, and their experience makes them very beneficial for career CDC jobs.
Nose to Grindstone. There is a rare epidemiological career that leads to big money. But this is an opportunity to do a great service to mankind which many students are seeking. In response, more and more universities are beginning to offer their graduates a public health major that includes epidemiology. Johns Hopkins stepped in seven years ago, and public health is now the second most popular major for undergarments. For graduate students, the 530-member, full-time faculty of the School of Public Health offers graduate students a long menu of research topics. A Hopkins master’s in public health costs $ 46,200, but the program costs just one year in five quarters. Thanks to New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, a wealthy electrical engineering alum at Johns Hopkins University, the school is determined not to let a top-down student lack the money it needs; 60 percent of the students receive financial aid.
A large number of Hopkins students — 27 percent of its doctoral candidates — come from foreign countries with deep experience in public health. Many students themselves become learning resources. The students of the Epidemiology Laboratory, who conducted a final study on a case study involving the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, were able to hear from a fellow student, Singapore’s Army Lieutenant Colonel Yih Young Ng, that the first responders had actually met the most difficult outbreaks. Did to find out what. Area of Indonesia.
At more than 80 other universities across the United States, students are receiving solid undergraduate education in epidemiology, counseling, and research opportunities. For example, the University of Washington has a prestigious public health school with a research-oriented epidemiology faculty. “We place a heavy emphasis on moving rapidly from the classroom to research activities,” says Stephen Schwartz, director of undergraduate epidemiology programs. Among 193 faculty members, students can usually find a research topic that inspires them, and a faculty search engine makes it easy to do so.
Breaking the walls between disciplines is what distinguishes the University of Michigan from many other schools of public health. Many of its 108 faculty members hold joint appointments in medicine, sociology, environmental health or other disciplines. Students learn to master the statistical tools of epidemiology and apply them to other problems. “AIDS Teaches Us What It Needs,” Sharon Kardia, chair of Michigan’s epidemiology department. “Infectious disease people had taken a molecular approach — the bug — but never really looked at how social networks might be involved.”
Once epidemiological practitioners had identified social groups as infected, prevention efforts became more efficient. One advantage of Michigan’s interdisciplinary approach: It attracts research dollars and experienced faculty on emerging issues such as bioterrorism.
In the nation’s capital, George Washington University is training women and men for public health workers. Faculty members often provide technical assistance to government agencies such as the District of Columbia Department of Health. “We believe in MPH [master’s of public health] As a terminal degree, “says Manya Magnus, Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics.” People can live very happy, productive public health lives. “Students are encouraged to spend time on campus working on study with nonprofits and public health professionals in government. Agencies, many of whom will hire them after graduation.
She is the story of 23-year-old Matt Goldshore. Working on an HIV study through the DC Health Department was more than just a job he took while pursuing a master’s degree that he hopes to collect this May. The project taught him how to connect with people, a skill he would need for an American medical student and, someday, a disease fighter in Africa. In August, Goldsmith will begin seven more years of study towards his MD and PhD. In Public Health from your school of choice: GW. “This place attracts people who want to save the world,” he says.