After removal Long-standing sanctions against Sudan’s government are contemplating the next step on the path to full normalization of United States relations, fueled by the US intelligence community’s belief that such development will increase US-Sudan intelligence cooperation . However, the move towards normalization at the moment ignores important developments and new circumstances that affect core US national security interests.
Sudan has entered a new moment, where a terrible economic crisis – beset by decades of grand corruption and economic catastrophe – continues on a major issue, sparking popular protests that have led to opposition Leaders, protesters, journalists and others imprisoned are independent voices. The flight of capital has intensified as capitalization to remove US sanctions to take out its funds from Sudan.
The regime is a classic case of state abduction by a small group of political, military, and commercial allies who privatize the country’s natural resource wealth, from gold to oil to gum arabic that goes into our soda, candy, Is revived. Bars and cosmetics. The state budget is reduced to reduce internal repression and war-making, while almost everything is stolen. Financial chickens have finally come home to roost, as inflation spikes, currency devaluation and hunger deepens.
It is a moment of realization for the Khartoum regime. To accelerate the normalization of the US-Sudan with this underlying economy and to increase repression as an intensely volatile backdrop would at best be seriously ill-timed and at worst harm American interests.
In addition, other extremely disturbing policy guidelines are being taken by the government of Sudan, which should give more pause to normalize. First and most worrying is that, even while sharing some intelligence with the CIA, the Sudan regime has maintained extensive ties with extremist organizations and clerics operating within Sudan. Some call for jihad; Others recruit or advocate for an Islamic State group or al-Qaeda, which includes a historical background, including – and with the bombing of the US embassies and the USS Cole – hosting Osama bin-Laden over the years Responsible for
Second, the Sudan government is harshly oppressing Christians and some minority Muslim sects. Last week, government officials in Khartoum sent a bulldozer with police to demolish an evangelical Christian church. In the last 18 months, during the time in which the US was deciding whether to lift the sanctions and possibly when its benefits were high, churches were burnt or desolated, detaining priests. Gaya and trumped-up were brought to trial, and the meetings troubled.
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Third, Sudan’s volatile foreign policy should have red warning signs. Ever since the US lifted broad sanctions, Sudan’s President Omar Bashir traveled to Russia to meet President Vladimir Putin, during which Bashir attacked the US and offered Russia a military base on the Red Sea. Subsequently, there was an arms deal between the two governments. Bashir also offered Turkey a military base in an ineffective moment in the Gulf.
Fourth, it is the same regime that designed and executed the two former US administrations that have called genocide against the people of Darfur, and the same regime has over the years bombed and starved populations in the Nuba Mountains and other areas south of it is. Millions of Sudanese remain internally displaced or in refugee camps, too afraid to return to their homes.
Fifth, despite one of the conditions for lifting sanctions to improve aid access to civilians in war zones, the reality is that millions of Sudanese citizens continue to be denied humanitarian aid. In fact, the Sudanese government improved some elements of aid outreach, but aid distribution has hardly expanded and malnutrition rates are increasing. The American benchmark should really be about people receiving aid and improving their nutritional status, rather than whether aid personnel get visas with less red tape.
If the US decides to move forward with the negotiation of normalization, then important benchmarks, pressures and incentives will make that process more influential. Benchmarks could include ending the persecution of Christians and suppression of civil society groups, creating accountability for stolen public funds, stopping support from radical groups and clerics, securing peace agreements with various groups in rebellions across the country Doing, providing assistance to millions of people has been denied access to the grassroots for a democratic change away from a security state that has been in power for nearly three decades.
The US has one major obstacle to achieving any of these policy objectives: insufficient leverage, which requires a unified set of incentives and pressures associated with the benchmark. The incentives are easy: the Sudan regime wants to be removed from the state sponsor list of terrorism, and later access to massive debt relief through the Paris Club and elsewhere. The removal from the terrorism list should not occur until some of the main benchmarks mentioned above have been addressed. Otherwise, the uncontrolled state, once it gave America what it wanted, would return to its base trend.
Pressures are equally important in achieving any criterion. There are spoiling elements in the entire Sudanese leadership, particularly in the security services, which are prolonging the war, seizing dictatorship, stopping humanitarian aid, looting the state, and maintaining ties with extremist groups. Smart, targeted sanctions – including the defunct Darfur Sanctions Program and the new Global Magnetsky Authority – should be imposed on some of the worst offenders and given support in the ongoing negotiations. Anti-money-laundering measures should also be deployed, including direct engagement with banks, to ensure that they are not processing transactions that are corruption proceedings. Sanctions should not equal a clean bill of health for the US private sector Sudan.
Ultimately, the US and other related governments should seek the end of the kleptocratic system that overthrew the state of Sudan and sell it to the highest bidder, whether it is Iran, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Russia, Turkey, or terrorist organizations. . Inclusive peace deals will lead that process in the right direction for free and fair elections. To consider any generalization of relations involving the removal of Sudan from the list of terrorism, the US should do nothing less.