Choose a doctor
You just moved to a new city. Your insurance plan may have changed. Maybe not your doctor anymore Fits on your needs. Whatever the reason, choosing a doctor is an important step towards maintaining and improving your health and well-being. Whether you Unhappiness She just won’t go away or Critical situation Medication and periodic checkups are required, you will have to decide which physician works best for you and your family. Here is a basic breakdown of the options:
Internal medicine doctor
This head-to-toe primary care physician, known as an internist, diagnoses adults and treats chronic conditions such as them diabetes, Provides high cholesterol and hypertension, and general health care and preventive services. “I stress to the people the tremendous importance of being that primary care physician,” Dr. Says Lois Margaret Nora, president and CEO of the American Board of Medical Specialties. “They are often the best source of referral to a specialist in a particular field for a person with complex disease, and [they] Coordinate care across different specialists. “
Fixed July 22, 2015: An organization has been named in a previous version of this article.
Family medicine doctor
It is a one-stop-doctor for your entire family’s health care needs, from cold and flu to ongoing conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome. “Family physicians are trained to take care of the whole family, from pediatrics to geriatrics,” President of the American College of Physicians, Dr. Wayne Riley and is a clinical professor of medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Tennessee. “While internists only take adolescents 16 and older, family medicine doctors are trained to care for children. Sometimes, it is more convenient and accessible for families in rural areas.”
Nurse practitioner or physician assistant
“Health care is a team sport,” Nora says. That is why you can work as a nurse practitioner in your local retail pharmacy or in your primary doctor’s office. nurse practitioners Provide care to all age groups for immediate medical conditions or injuries from the flu, as well as chronic conditions such as diabetes. They can diagnose, order and interpret tests, manage treatment plans, and prescribe medications. Physician Assistant May practice medicine with physicians and other providers, prescribe medicines and visit patients in hospitals and nursing homes.
Fixed July 22, 2015: A previous version of this article misjudged the role of nurse practitioners and physician assistants.
One OB GYN Manages the reproductive health of women, performing preventive services, such as cancer screening and surgery; Description of birth control; Pregnancy care; Distribute to infants; Addressing menopause; And treatment of infection. Some people handle primary care concerns in addition to reproductive problems. Says Riley, “It is very common for young women to receive the most care from OB-GYN. It just depends on the comfort level of OB-GYN.”
Once you have your baby, you will need a doctor to serve as your child’s “medical home”, giving suggestions on everything from drug doses to the management of that pesky rash. Used to be. If you want to look beyond family medicine, go to the doctor to ask, “What’s wrong with my child?” Or helping keep your child healthy through every stage of development. Pediatricians are trained to diagnose and treat children with common and complex conditions, and can refer to specialists when necessary. “They also manage the vaccination program” and diagnose and treat the condition in adolescents, Riley says. some child Run point on care until the 21st birthday of a child.
Psychologist or psychiatrist
Clinical psychologists often work by hand Psychiatrists to enquire mental health Issues. Some specialize in stress reduction or cognitive behavioral therapy. The primary difference is that psychiatrists are medical practitioners who can prescribe medications. Psychologists often have Ph.D. Or Psy.D. Credentials, allowing them to advise and test patients for depression, anxiety, eating disorders, relationship issues and more. Psychologists and psychiatrists play “an exceptionally important role” in helping patients with both mental illness and life transitions, Nora says.
General surgeon Usually work on the head and neck, breast, skin and soft tissues, stomach, hands and feet, and the gastrointestinal tract; They also perform surgeries related to blood vessels or hormone system. For example, they are often trained in emergency procedures for the treatment of bleeding, infection, and bowel obstructions. If you need a more specialized procedure, there are an array of surgeons who focus on more specialized areas, such as the brain (neurosurgeon), the eyes (ophthalmologist) or the lung (cardiothoracic surgeon). “It just depends on what the initial assessment and treatment plan says based on the referral,” Riley says.
Other medical specialists may include allergy-immunologists, who treat and manage allergies, asthma, and immune system disorders; Pulmonologists, who treat lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma; Ophthalmologists, who can diagnose and treat eye issues; And otolaryngologists, who treat diseases of the ear, nose and throat. If you feel you need a specialist, ask your primary care physician for a referral.
Revised On 22 July 2015: An organization has been named in a previous version of this article.
Revised On 22 July 2015: A previous version of this article misjudged the role of nurse practitioners and physician assistants.