By Alexander Jaffe, associated Press
WASHINGTON (AP) – President Joe Biden’s administration is joining Democrats on Capitol Hill to unveil a major immigration overhaul that provides an eight-year path to citizenship to an estimated 11 million people living in the US in legal status Will do.
The legislation, which was released in detail on Thursday morning, would reflect the broad priorities for immigration reform that Biden placed on his first day in office, including increased visas, processing asylum applications, and new technology on the southern border.
But while the plan provides one of the fastest avenues for citizenship of any proposed measure in recent years, it does so without offering increased border security, which previous immigration negotiations have won Republican votes for. Is used for. Without increased security, it faces tough odds in a divided divided Congress.
The bill would immediately provide a green card to farmworkers, temporary protected status, and youth who immigrate to the US illegally as children. For others living in the US until 1 January 2021, the plan paves the way for temporary legal status for five years if they conduct background checks, pay taxes and meet other basic requirements. Then, after three years, they can pursue citizenship.
The plan will raise the current per-country cap for family and employment-based immigrant visas. It punishes migrants who live in the US without authorization and who avoid returning to the country for three to 10 years. It will also provide resources for more judges, support staff and technology who will address the backlog in processing seekers.
The bill would expand anti-drug task forces in Central America and increase technology along the border. And it will try to reduce the burden on the border by establishing refugee processing in Central America, to try to stop some immigrant caravans that have increased security at the border in recent years.
The plan includes $ 4 billion spread over four years to promote economic growth and tackle corruption in Latin American countries, trying to address some of the root causes of migration to the US.
A dozen Democratic lawmakers, including prominent sponsors California Rep. Linda Sanchez and New Jersey Sen. Bob Bob Mendez, are set to unveil the full text of the bill.
Comprehensive immigration reform has struggled to gain traction in Congress for decades.
Menendez was part of a bipartisan gang of eight senators who negotiated the 2013 immigration reform bill that eventually collapsed. Earlier, after several attempts at compromise, a bill supported by President George W. Bush also failed in Congress.
While Biden is pushing for a broader bill, he suggested that earlier this week he may be open to a more piecemeal approach. During a CNN town hall Tuesday night, Biden said that any immigration bill would require a passage for citizenship, saying “there are some things I will deal with myself.” This can leave the door open for standalone bills focused on providing a path to citizenship for various populations.
Nevertheless, publicly the White House is insisting that its goal is a comprehensive plan.
White House press secretary Jane Saki said this week, “The president feels that all these requirements that are in the bill – these are the components of the bill – make it comprehensive,” he says. “Them together.”
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