Grows in a county According to a new study, the prevalence of prison rates is associated with fluctuations in premature deaths caused by issues such as infectious disease, substance use, and suicide among a county’s broader population.
The study, published Tuesday by The Lancet Public Health, comes to prison reform advocates such as the American Civil Liberties Association States called for release of prisoners To protect them from COVID-19 and to prevent the spread of the novel Coronavirus He causes it. Amid the ongoing epidemic, researchers say their findings “highlight the urgent need for prisons as drivers of infectious disease spreading in the community.”
For their long-term analysis, researchers examined prison incarceration rates of between 1,094 from 1987 to 2017 with mostly large, non-rural counties, data that showed county residents under the age of 75 to die in three decades Some factors combine with rate. The average growth rate of encroachment during the study period was 1.9 per 1,000 population, although some counties saw an increase of more than 20 per 1,000 population.
The study estimates that a county jail has an increased population growth rate of 1,000, ranging from an increased death rate to multiple deaths, including a 6.5% increase in the death rate in the county population aged 75 and younger. Was connected 4.9% increase in death rate due to infectious diseases and chronic respiratory disease. The study noted a 2.6% increase in mortality in substance use and a 2.5% increase in the death rate from suicide, as well as a slight increase in mortality in counties tied to heart disease, unintentional injury, cancer and diabetes .
In their analysis, the researchers accounted for the effects of county-level factors such as crime, poverty, racial demographics, and unemployment. Over time, researchers said, the relationship between incompatibility and causes of death weakened. There is a 5% and 2.5% decline in infectious disease and suicide mortality in counties, for example, over 10 years. He was sentenced less for causes of death such as heart disease and cancer.
Researchers said they conducted the study “amidst a growing body of evidence relating to the public health consequences of large-scale abortions”, and their findings suggest evidence that curbing abortions may improve public health Can.
“With American corrective facilities reporting some of the highest COVID-19 infection rates in the country, the epidemic has highlighted the urgent need for decarceral strategies to reduce the number of people incarcerated in our nation’s jails and prisons. Control of infectious disease spreading in the community, ”researcher and co-author of the study Sandhya Kazipta said in a statement.
In the study, researchers also stated that prison dislocation in the US is “an institutional product of structural racism that adversely affects black Americans,” and that high ingestion rates may reduce existing racial health disparities in communities is.
The study states that the US has the highest abortion rate in the world, and that black people are nearly four times more likely than local people.
“Public health is required for responses to the most pressing public health challenges, including the COVID-19 epidemic and the opioid epidemic,” co-author Dr. S. J. Prins said in a statement.